Science Publications

The following is a list of scientific publications, including peer-reviewed articles and technical reports, by Schoodic Institute staff. We also publish annual lists of publications related to research in Acadia National Park that can be found here.


Booker, J., C.P. Nadeau, S. Saiyed, and T. Watkins. 2023. Science and public engagement in national parks: examples and advice from young scientists. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 104: e02045.

Johnston, E.M., et al. 2023. Bed-scale impact and recovery of a commercially important intertidal seaweed. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology.

Miller, K.M. et al. 2023. Overabundant deer and invasive plants drive widespread regeneration debt in eastern United States national parks. Ecological Applications. Additional information and one-page briefs specific to each park can be found at

Nadeau, C.P., et al. 2023. Incorporating experiments into management to facilitate rapid learning about climate change adaptation. Biological Conservation.

Nadeau, C.P., and M.C. Urban. 2023. Macroecological predictors of evolutionary and plastic potential do not apply at microgeographic scales for a freshwater cladoceran under climate change. Evolution Letters.

Spera, S.A., et al. The effects of climate change on the timing of peak fall foliage in Acadia National Park. Landscape Ecology.

Urban, M.C., C.P. Nadeau, and S.T. Giery. 2023. Using mechanistic insights to predict the climate‐induced expansion of a key aquatic predator. Ecological Monographs 93:e1575.


Climate Central. 2022. Our Changing National Parks.

Evans, A.E., M. Zimova, S.T. Giery, H.E. Golden, A.L. Pastore, C.P. Nadeau, and M. C. Urban. 2022. An eco-evolutionary perspective on the Humpty-Dumpty effect and community restoration. Oikos 11:1-15.

Lima, K.A., et al. 2022. Acadia National Park Winter Birds: 51 Years of Change Along the Coast of Maine, Northeastern Naturalist 29(4):441-453.

Lima, K.A., C. Schmitt, and S. Benz. 2022. Landscape of Change Year 1 Final Report. Winter Harbor, ME: Schoodic Institute.

Nadeau C. P., A. Giacomazzo, and M. C. Urban. 2022. Cool microrefugia accumulate and conserve biodiversity under climate change. Global Change Biology 28: 3222–3235.

Nelson, P.R., et al. 2022. Remote sensing of tundra ecosystems using high spectral resolution reflectance: opportunities and challenges. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences.


Benz, S. 2021. Sea Watch Summary. Winter Harbor, ME: Schoodic Institute.

Benz, S. 2021. Cadillac Mountain Hawk Watch. Winter Harbor, ME: Schoodic Institute.

Stasinski, L. et al. 2021. Reading light: leaf spectra capture fine-scale diversity of closely related, hybridizing arctic shrubs. New Phytologist.

2020 and earlier

Fernandez, I., S. Birkel, C. Schmitt, J. Simonson, B. Lyon, A. Pershing, E. Stancioff, G. Jacobson, and P. Mayewski. 2020. Maine’s Climate Future 2020 Update. Orono, ME: University of Maine.

Gurvich, D., N. Fisichelli, and K. Jones. 2020. Non-native Tree Pest Assessment for Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park. Winter Harbor, ME: Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park.

Schmitt, C., et al. 2020. Research fellowships increase capacity and creativity in responding to climate change. Parks Stewardship Forum 36(1).

Benz, S. Cadillac Mountain Hawk Watch Season Report 2019 with supplementary data visualizations by Brian Wargo.

Nadeau, C.P., and M.C. Urban. 2019. Eco-evolution on the edge during climate change. Ecography 42: 1280 – 1297.

Johnson, E., and S. Benz. Schoodic Point Sea Watch Waterbird Migration Count, Fall 2018. Winter Harbor, ME: Schoodic Institute.

Benz, S. 2018. Cadillac Mountain Hawk Watch Season Report 2018. Winter Harbor, ME: Schoodic Institute.

Benz, S. Rx for Acadia: Assessing the challenges of rapid environmental change through field research. Wild Seed Magazine, Volume III, 2017/2018.

Janowiak, M.K., et al. 2018. New England and Northern New York Forest Ecosystem Vulnerability Assessment and Synthesis: A Report from the New England Climate Change Response Framework Project. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-173. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station.

Schmitt, C., and R. MacDonald. 2018. Searching for Spelman’s Birds. Chebacco XIX:120-133.

Wright, A.J., N.A. Fisichelli, et al. 2018. Biodiversity bottleneck: seedling establishment under changing climatic conditions at the boreal–temperate ecotone. Journal of Plant Ecology.

Fisichelli, N., and K. Miller. 2017. Weeds, worms, and deer: positive relationships among common forest understory stressors. Biological Invasions.

Middleton, B., J. Boudell, and N. Fisichelli. 2017. Using management to address vegetation stress related to land-use and climate change. Restoration Ecology. doi: 10.1111/rec.12507

Nadeau C.P., M. C. Urban, and J. R. Bridle. 2017. Climates past, present, and yet-to-come shape climate change vulnerabilities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32:786-800.

Nadeau C.P., M.C. Urban, and J.R. Bridle. 2017. Coarse climate change projections for species living in a fine-scaled world. Global Change Biology 23: 12-24.

Thakur, M., et al. 2016. Effects of soil warming history on the performances of congeneric temperate and boreal herbaceous plant species and their associations with soil biota. Journal of Plant Ecology. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtw066.

Nadeau C.P. and A. K. Fuller. 2016. Combining landscape variables and species traits can improve the utility of climate change vulnerability assessments. Biological Conservation 202: 30-38.

Monahan, W., et al. 2016. Climate change is advancing spring onset across the US national park system. Ecosphere 7(10):e01465.

Craven, D., et al. 2016. The unseen invaders: introduced earthworms as drivers of change in plant communities in North American forests (a meta-analysis). Global Change Biology. doi:10.111/gcb.13446.

Fisichelli, N., G. Schuurman, and C.H. Hoffman. 2016. Is ‘resilience’ maladaptive? Towards an accurate lexicon for climate change adaptation. Environmental Management 57(4): 753-758.

Fisichelli, N., G. Schuurman, and E. Sharron. 2015. Climate change: responding to the crisis portended by George Perkins Marsh. George Wright Forum 32:276-289.

Fisichelli, N., et al. 2015. Protected area tourism in a changing climate: will visitation at US national parks warm up or overheat? PLOS One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0128226.

Abella, S., et al. 2015. Status and management of non-native plant invasion in three of the largest national parks in the United States. Nature Conservation 10:71-94.

Fisichelli, N., et al. 2015. Temperature and leaf nitrogen affect performance of tree species at range overlap. Ecosphere (6)10:1-8.

Nadeau, C.P., and A. K. Fuller. 2015. Climate-smart management of biodiversity. Ecosphere 6: 91.

Nadeau, C.P., and A. K. Fuller. 2015. Accounting for multiple climate components in estimates of the magnitude and velocity of climate change. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6:697-705.

Nadeau, C.P., and C.J. Conway. 2015. Optimizing water depth for wetland-dependent wildlife could increase wetland restoration success, water efficiency, and water security. Restoration Ecology 23:292-300.

Fisichelli, N., et al. 2014. Climate change and birds of the Acadia National Park region: Projected changes in habitat suitability for 130 breeding bird species. Natural Resource Report NPS/ACAD/NRR-2014/840. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.

Eisenhauer, N., et al. 2014. Warming shifts ‘worming’: effects of experimental warming on invasive earthworms in northern North America. Scientific Reports. doi:10.1038/srep06890.

Monahan, W., and N. Fisichelli. 2014. Climate exposure of US National Parks in a new era of change. PLOS One 9(7): e101302.

Fisichelli, N., et al. 2014. Climate, trees, pests and weeds: change, uncertainty, and biotic stressors in eastern U.S. national park forests. Forest Ecology and Management 327: 31-39.

Fisichelli, N., et al. 2013. Climate change and the forests of the Acadia National Park region: Projected changes in habitat suitability for 83 tree species. Natural Resource Report NPS/ACAD/NRR-2013/733. Fort Collins, CO: National Park Service.